Bradshaw; Braun u.a.
Sydowia Vol. 73 E-Book/S 89-112
Contributions to the knowledge of the phylogeny and ...
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In: Sydowia 73, (2021): 89-112; ISSN 0082-0598, DOI 10.12905/0380.sydowia73-2020-0089, Published online on December 4, 2020

Contributions to the knowledge of the phylogeny and taxonomy of the Erysiphaceae (powdery mildews) – part 1

Michael Bradshaw1, Uwe Braun2,*, Monika Götz3, Susumu Takamatsu4, Thomas Brand5,
Maria G. Cabrera6, Pamela Dirchwolf6, Volker Kummer7, Ricardo Medina6, Swarnalatha Moparthi8 &
Sara Salcedo-Sarmiento9

1 School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
2 Martin-Luther-Universität, Institut für Biologie, Bereich Geobotanik und Botanischer Garten, Herbarium, Neuwerk 21,
06099 Halle, Germany
3 Institute for Plant Protection in Horticulture and Forests, JKI, Julius Kühn-Institute, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated
Plants, Messeweg 11/12, 38104 Braunschweig, Germany
4 Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University, Tsu 514-8507, Japan
5 Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, Pflanzenschutzamt, Sedanstr. 4, 26121 Oldenburg, Germany
6 Laboratorio de Fitopatología, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Sargento Cabral 2131,
Corrientes, Argentina
7 Universität Potsdam, Institut für Biochemie und Biologie, Maulbeerallee 1, 14469 Potsdam, Germany
8 Montana State University, Department of Plant Sciences & Plant Pathology, P.O. Box 173150, Bozeman,
MT 59717-3150, USA
9 Departamento de Fitopatologia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, 36570-900, Brazil
* e-mail: uwe.braun@botanik.uni-halle.de

Bradshaw M., Braun U., Götz, M., Takamatsu, S., Brand T., Cabrera M.G., Dirchwolf P., Kummer V., Medina, R., Moparthi, S. &
Salcedo-Sarmiento, S. (2020) Contributions to the phylogeny and taxonomy of the Erysiphaceae (powdery mildews) – part 1. –
Sydowia 73: 89–112.

The phylogeny and taxonomy of several powdery mildews (Erysiphaceae) have been examined. Sequences of the rDNA ITS
region retrieved from several collections of Erysiphe spp. belonging to the E. aquilegiae complex (cluster) and collected on new
hosts are listed and discussed, including a critical assessment of the phylogenetic-taxonomic interpretation of this complex.
Based on results of sequence analyses, E. tortilis proved to pertain to this complex as well. This species is epitypified, which is
supplemented with an ex-epitype reference sequence. The phylogeny and taxonomy of the powdery mildew on Manihot esculenta
(cassava, manioc), which is widespread and common wherever this tuber crop is cultivated, has been examined. Morphological
re-examinations and phylogenetic analyses of collections from Argentina and Brazil revealed that this powdery mildew
belongs to the genus Erysiphe, phylogenetically included in the E. trifoliorum complex. The new combination Erysiphe manihoticola
is introduced for this powdery mildew. Based on the re-examination of type material, it has become clear that the name
Oidium manihotis, which was used in the past for this powdery mildew, is not conspecific with E. manihoticola and most likely
not congeneric with Erysiphe. On the basis of sequences retrieved from type material of Erysiphe baptisiae and a North American
collection on Baptisia, we reveal that E. baptisiae has to be reduced to synonymy with E. guarinonii. Erysiphe euonymicola on
Euonymus fortunei is recorded from North America for the first time.
The identity of Golovinomyces on Cynara and Echinops in North America is discussed. Type material of Golovinomyces echinopis
has been sequenced, and G. montagnei is epitypified with a collection from Germany, which is supplemented by ex-epitype
sequence data. Based on morphological analyses and a comparison of sequence data with ex-holotype sequences, North American
powdery mildew collections on Echinops could be confirmed to belong to G. echinopis. However, a North American powdery
mildew collection on Cynara cardunculus turned out to be close to G. depressus and not, as expected, to G. montagnei. Golovinomyces
verbenae, described from North America, is epitypified with ex-epitype sequence data, and G. glandulariae, recently described
from Australia, is reduced to synonymy with G. verbenae.
The phylogenetic positions of Podosphaera physocarpi and P. spiraeae-douglasii have been revealed on the basis of collections
from North America and Germany (the first record for Germany and the second for Europe of P. physocarpi), including the
first descriptions, pictures and illustrations of the asexual morphs for both of these species. Furthermore, Podosphaera prunicola
is epitypified.
Keywords: Erysiphe aquilegiae complex, E. baptisiae, E. manihoticola, Golovinomyces verbenae, G. glandulariae, Oidium
manihotis, Podosphaera physocarpi, P. prunicola, phylogenetic affinity, typification. – 1 new combination, 5 epitypes, 2 lectotypes.
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