In: Sydowia 73, (2021): 75-81; ISSN 0082-0598, DOI 10.12905/0380.sydowia73-2020-0075, Published online on October 29, 2020
Morphological characterization, nutritional profiling and cultivation of Panus velutinus in India
Ved Parkash Sharma, Babita Kumari, Shweta Sharma, Anupam Barh, Sudheer Kumar Annepu & Shwet Kamal*
ICAR-Directorate of Mushroom Research, Chambaghat, Solan -173213 (HP), India
* e-mail: email@example.com
Sharma V.P., Kumari B., Sharma S., Barh A., Annepu, S.K. & Kamal, S. (2020) Morphological characterization, nutritional
profiling and cultivation of Panus velutinus in India. – Sydowia 73: 75–81.
Panus velutinus is a wood rotting fungus widely distributed in the tropical and subtropical regions of India. It is an edible
mushroom with several therapeutic properties. The morphology of the basidioma is highly variable depending on the growing
conditions and exhibiting a high degree of polymorphism compared to species of other related genera, e.g. Lentinus and Pleurotus.
Panus velutinus is described in detail, illustrated, and compared with its closely related species to avoid inconsistency in its
taxonomical identification. The mushroom was successfully cultivated with a 33.3 % biological efficiency on a sawdust based
substrate. The proximate composition showed that the fruit bodies contain 14.10 % of protein and 34.65 % of crude fibers. The
crude fiber content of P. velutinus was found to be significantly higher than in the majority of the cultivated and wild edible
mushrooms. Domestication of this mushroom can be used as a potential source for preparation of dietary supplements and mushroom
fortified functional foods.
Keywords: Mushroom, cultivation, proximate composition.